The Beginner’s Guide to Experts

How to Be Prepared for and Manage Disaster

Risks in urban areas all over the world have arisen such as more tall buildings, more people to populate the area, addition of overhead power cables, and informal housing units because of the influx of migrants from rural areas who are job hunting. A great disaster is awaiting these urban areas due to the increase in the number of industries, oil storage tanks and pipelines including natural calamities such as earthquakes and landslides. Recently, we have seen that in several parts of the world that experienced a lot of disasters, people have varying levels of preparedness and ways of responding to these disasters. Activities and measure are put in place to minimize the effects and impacts of disasters, and this is now called as mitigation. Covering of the physical, economic, and social effects or impacts of disaster to a given population or area is also one of the features that mitigation has. Past experience has shown us that being prepared for disasters to a certain degree can mitigate the effects to a large extent unlike areas that are not properly prepared. Depending on the locality and the community concerned, this can involve a lot of aspects and angles. The categorization of these measures are known as structural and non-structural.

Further, these preparedness measures of mitigating disasters, whether structural or non-structural, may be either passive or active. Active measures may include the reward system where incentives are provided to individuals or organizations that implement disaster preparedness measures such as creating disaster ready environments. Since the passive measures rely on laws and controls, the active measures have been noticed to be more effective. This is proven by the fact that city planning codes and rules which are based on the law lack effectiveness unless thoroughly implemented with the strong participation of the owners of buildings. To do the trick, subsidies and lower insurance premiums can be offered for better and safer constructions.

There must always be a trait of being prepared all the time by the government or local authorities as it can help the government or individual chattng. To have a good disaster preparedness and management unit, it is imperative that the plans and policies should be simple and easy. Increasing the awareness of the public and organization members should be required and that warning systems should be properly placed and regularly checked, including the proper planning of land use. Lack of good planning will result in the difficulty of the fire truck and ambulance to get through and fires that cannot be controlled. If in the event that the government or the local authorities do not make or create a pre or prior planning, the result would be that disaster response and post disaster management will be one of the most challenging things to do.

Resource: this link